Through the seed as a link and integral solution to the problems of pollution and self-sustainability of agriculture, LIFE-SEED CAPITAL aims to present and demonstrate ways of saving energy and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, using 100% of the seed (recovering residual cake produced after pressing for oil generation, using it to cause changes in livestock food, which will help reduce methane emissions) keeping the conflict between biofuel production and human food to a minimum.
NEIKER and CEMITEC are the two partners of the consortium. NEIKER develops activities of strategic and applied research, dealing these as the works of experimentation that, based on the basic research, are realized to acquire new knowledge in specific practical aims to short and half term, respectively, and to take part in the technological development, technological transfer, technical advice and services for the agricultural, livestock, forest and natural resource sectors. CEMITEC is a technology center whose mission is to contribute to improving the competitiveness of enterprises through the development of R&D, technology services and other activities to promote innovation, and since 2000, activities are initiated in the area of biofuels.
The possible answers
- Vegetable oil is an interesting candidate among bio-fuels because the production can be done on the farm itself from the field into the tank. Oil can be extracted mechanically and force out the oil, producing as a co-product a solid meal rich in fat. i.e., some studies show with rapeseed oil, which allows for green house gas emissions, savings of 57% compared to diesel fuel.
- Furthermore, the solid residue can be used in formulating concentrates used in ruminant feeds. This approach would reduce methane emissions produced during the fermentation process. It is known that for each increase 1% increase in dietary fat in ruminant nutrition, methane production is reduced by 5.6%. To achieve EU proposed goals, in the current project, we propose to use vegetable oils blended
with diesel as a fuel and the coproducts obtained in its production in ruminant nutrition. Therefore, one way to approach the targets proposed by the EU, would be to use rapeseed oil blended with diesel fuel in agricultural machinery, and rapeseed cake obtained during the oil extraction process, in the formulation of concentrates typically used in ruminant feeds.