Through the seed as a link and integral solution to the problems of pollution and self-sustainability of agriculture, LIFE SEED CAPITAL aims to present and demonstrate ways of saving energy and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, using 100% of the seed (recovering residual cake produced after pressing for oil generation, and using it to cause changes in livestock food, which will help reduce methane emissions), thus keeping the conflict between biofuel production and human food to a minimum. Vegetable oil is an interesting candidate among bio-fuels because the production can be done on the farm itself from the field into the tank. Oil can be extracted mechanically, producing as a co-product a solid meal rich in fat. Furthermore, the solid residue can be used in formulating concentrates used in ruminant feeds. This approach would reduce methane emissions produced during the fermentation process. It is known that for each increase of 1% in dietary fat in ruminant nutrition, methane production is reduced by 5.6%. To achieve EU proposed goals in terms of green house gases abatement, in the current project, we propose to use vegetable oils blended with diesel as a fuel and the coproducts obtained in its production in ruminant nutrition.
The farmer seeks to maximize their financial return by planted area by increasing the productivity of the cereal following rapeseed in the rotation, not by the rapeseed production per se. Indeed, in LIFE SEEDCAPITAL we will work with the surface typically used in the rotation with cereal. Thus, a development of a centralized industry to produce biofuels is not expected because it will be consumed in situ. Our objectives will contribute to the EU 20/20/20 targets, in particular the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases, and to satisfy the need to cover 10% of transport by biofuels, keeping the conflict between biofuel production and human food to a minimum.
The project has been developed in line with the schedule described in the proposal. The objectives of the A-1 and A-2 preparatory actions were accomplished without major problems as stated in the previous reports. This allowed to use the biodiesel in the most suitable engines and to start the B-2 demonstrative action before scheduled in the proposal. In addition, the observed results in the A-1 preparatory action allowed establishing the inclusion level of cold-pressed rapeseed cake in concentrates. As a consequence we have fed a commercial dairy ewe and dairy cow flock with a concentrate formulated with cold-pressed rapeseed cake. Demonstrative B-1 action was carried out without major problems. Moreover, in this action the implication of professional farmers was greater than initially expected because we assured the compromise of 10 farmers and more than 70 has. B-2 and B-3 demonstrative actions began before scheduled with the intention to potentiate the demonstrative character of the project. As for the demonstrative action B-2, it is important to highlight that the number of vehicles using the biodiesel was greater than expected. As for the demonstrative B-3 action we managed to get the implication of a professional livestock producer and of a professional association so that the demonstrative character of this action was fully guaranteed.
In terms of the dissemination actions it is important to point that they are in line with the expectations described in the communication plan. To date results have been disseminated in different forums: participation in scientific meetings and participation in different events organised by local stakeholders (university, farmer associations…), press releases, radio interviews and participation in TV programs, workshops and the final conference. We have developed a web page, twitter, facebook and LinkedIn identities to facilitate the dissemination of results to the society. The partnership agreement between NEIKER and CETENA was signed in dates. To guarantee the project progresses monitoring the partners of the project have met 7 times in Arkaute. In addition a specific meeting with the farmers involved in action B-1 has taken place to strengthen the links among farmers and livestock producers. We have identified the project BIOLCA funded as well by a LIFE+ program as a project to share information with. As a result of this collaboration LIFE SEEDCAPITAL has managed to have a wider view of the possible social and economic implications of developing the actions envisaged in the project.
In conclusion, the project was developed as expected without any major problem. A more detailed description of the obtained results can be seen in the document linked bellow
Informe final/Final report